General Aztecs Maya Tocuaro Kids Contact 20 Apr 2021/4 Wind
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Sculpture of a family of gods

A family of deities?

For millennia, the inhabitants of Mesoamerica considered the 3 brightest bodies in the sky - the sun, the moon and Venus - to be powerful gods. (Written/compiled by Ian Mursell/Mexicolore)

This delightful sculpture, now in the Museum of Anthropology in Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico, was found in an offering under the floor of a temple platform. It belongs to the Remojadas culture of central Veracruz and dates from 300 BCE to 300 CE. Some believe it depicts a family of deities. The Aztec names for these are Tonatiuh (sun god), Coyolxauhqui (moon goddess) and Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli (Venus, Morning Star). Which do you think might be which?!

Pic 1: The sun, the moon and Venus, Codex Borgia folio 71
Pic 1: The sun, the moon and Venus, Codex Borgia folio 71 (Click on image to enlarge)

In the Codex Borgia (pic 1) the same three are shown, the first two with something ‘iconic’ in their representation - the sun with a large solar disc behind him, the moon with a rabbit; Venus is harder to pinpoint - he appears to be sacrificing a quail to the sun (a quail’s head can be seen too in the jaws of the earth monster at the bottom). The calendrical sign, 1-Reed, associated with Venus, appears at the top of the image.

Picture sources:-
• Main photo by Ian Mursell/Mexicolore
• Illustration from the Codex Borgia scanned with permission from The Codex Borgia: A Full-Color Restoration of the Ancient Mexican Manuscript by Gisele Díaz and Alan Rodgers, Dover Publications, 1993.

Venus, The Morning Star

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