General Aztecs Maya Tocuaro Kids Contact 24 Mar 2019/13 Lizard
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Cihuacoatl, Aztec Prime Minister, Tlacaelel

Who was Prime Minister at the Conquest?

ORIGINAL QUESTION received from - and thanks to - Pedro Pineda: Can you tell me, who was Cihuacoatl at the court of Moctezuma at time Cortes arrived in Mexico? I’ve been looking for his name but unfortunately without success. (Answered by Ian Mursell/Mexicolore)

According to Professor Manuel Aguilar-Moreno (who’s on our Panel of Experts) it was Tlacaeleltzin Xocoyotl, the son of a nobleman in Tenochtitlan, who took over this office in 1503, following the death of the previous Cihuacóatl, Tlilpotoncatzin. Tlacaeleltzin Xocoyotl died in 1520, a year after Cortés’s forces arrived in 1519.

You can learn more about the role of Cihuacóatl by following the link below.

Illustration of a portrait of Cihuacóatl Tlacelel (the most famous to hold this office) by María Ramos after León-Portilla, scanned from our information source -
Handbook to Life in the Aztec World by Manuel Aguilar-Moreno, Facts on File, New York, 2006, p. 87.

‘Yes Prime Minister!’

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